FSCS protection explained – What is FSCS and how does it work for business banking?

Last updated on 28 August 2023

In the complex landscape of financial services, ensuring the safety of your business’s hard-earned money is paramount. The Financial Services Compensation Scheme (FSCS) plays a crucial role in providing protection and peace of mind to businesses that engage in banking activities.

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Let’s delve into the details of what the FSCS is and how it functions to safeguard your business funds.

Introduction to FSCS

The Financial Services Compensation Scheme (FSCS) is a UK statutory fund that serves as a safety net for customers of financial institutions. Whether it’s a bank, building society, credit union, or an investment firm, the FSCS steps in to protect eligible deposits and investments in case of a firm’s failure.

Eligibility and coverage

The FSCS covers a wide range of financial products and services. Businesses that hold eligible deposits, such as current accounts, savings accounts, and term deposits, are automatically protected up to £85,000 per authorised institution.

This means that if a bank or other financial institution becomes insolvent, your business is entitled to compensation up to this limit per institution.

It’s important to note that the £85,000 limit applies per institution, not per account. If your business holds multiple accounts with the same banking group, the combined compensation is capped at £85,000. However, if your business operates with different banking groups, each group would qualify for its own £85,000 coverage.

Furthermore, the FSCS also provides protection for certain types of investments, including stocks, bonds, and other securities. The coverage limit for investments is set at £85,000 per firm. However, unlike deposits, investments are not covered on a per-account basis, but rather per firm.

How does FSCS work?

In the unfortunate event of a financial institution’s collapse, the FSCS swings into action to compensate eligible customers. The process typically begins when the Prudential Regulation Authority (PRA) and the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) declare the firm in question as being unable to meet its financial obligations.

Once this declaration is made, the FSCS takes over and aims to compensate eligible customers as swiftly as possible.

Customers don’t need to file a claim themselves; the FSCS works directly with the failed institution to gather necessary data and distribute compensation. For most individuals and businesses, this process is seamless and requires minimal effort on their part.

It’s worth noting that the compensation process might vary based on the specific circumstances of the failure and the types of products involved. However, the FSCS’s goal remains consistent: to provide financial relief and stability to those affected by the failure of a financial institution.


The Financial Services Compensation Scheme (FSCS) stands as a vital safety net for businesses engaged in banking and financial activities. Its comprehensive coverage of eligible deposits and investments, coupled with its prompt compensation process, offers businesses the assurance they need to navigate the world of finance with confidence.

As a business owner, understanding the FSCS and its mechanisms is essential to making informed decisions about where to entrust your hard-earned funds. By leveraging the protection offered by the FSCS, you can focus on growing your business while knowing that your financial interests are well safeguarded.


What is the FSCS?

The Financial Services Compensation Scheme (FSCS) is a UK statutory fund that provides protection to customers of financial institutions, including businesses.

What does the FSCS cover for businesses?

The FSCS covers eligible deposits and investments held by businesses in case a financial institution fails.

How much coverage does the FSCS provide for eligible deposits?

The FSCS provides up to £85,000 coverage per authorized institution for eligible deposits held by a business.

Is the coverage limit per account or per institution for eligible deposits?

The coverage limit of £85,000 per authorized institution is per institution, not per account.

What happens if a business holds multiple accounts with the same banking group?

For accounts within the same banking group, the combined compensation is capped at £85,000.

How is compensation calculated for different banking groups?

Each different banking group qualifies for its own £85,000 coverage, offering separate protection.

What types of investments does the FSCS cover?

The FSCS covers certain investments, such as stocks, bonds, and securities, up to £85,000 per firm.

Is the investment coverage per investment or per firm?

Investment coverage of £85,000 per firm is not per investment but rather per firm.

How does the FSCS determine eligibility for compensation?

Eligibility is assessed based on the firm’s inability to meet financial obligations, as declared by the Prudential Regulation Authority (PRA) and the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA).

Do businesses need to file a claim with the FSCS for compensation?

No, the FSCS works directly with the failed institution to process compensation for eligible customers.

What is the compensation process like for businesses after a failure?

The compensation process may vary, but the FSCS aims to provide financial relief as swiftly as possible.

Is there a time limit for claiming compensation from the FSCS?

Yes, there is a claims deadline which is usually set within a certain timeframe after the institution’s failure.

Can businesses apply for compensation directly to the FSCS?

Businesses usually do not need to apply directly; the FSCS coordinates compensation with the failed institution.

Are all financial products covered by the FSCS?

Not all financial products are covered; the FSCS has a list of eligible products and services.

Does the FSCS cover losses due to poor investment performance?

No, the FSCS does not cover losses resulting from poor investment decisions or market fluctuations.

Can businesses still claim compensation if they have insurance on their deposits or investments?

Yes, businesses can still claim compensation from the FSCS even if they have insurance on their deposits or investments.

Are overseas banks covered by the FSCS?

Overseas branches of UK banks are covered, but overseas banks are generally not covered by the FSCS.

What if a business has joint accounts with other individuals?

Coverage is per eligible depositor, so joint accounts receive their own compensation limit.

Can businesses make a claim for inconvenience or stress caused by a financial institution’s failure?

The FSCS provides compensation for actual financial loss, not for inconvenience or stress.

Is the FSCS protection free for businesses?

Yes, FSCS protection is free; financial institutions pay into the scheme to fund its operations and compensation payouts.

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Business Financed provides general information, but not financial advice. Always speak to a qualified expert to get personalised advice for your business.

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